Grade Three

It is almost time for carpool after a productive day of classes, activities and learning in the third grade and the students are beginning to pack up to go to after school programs or home. Even this nominally simple task, however, is part of the learning process at Lehrman Community Day School as their teachers ask students to look at their planners to see what homework they have, choose their folders carefully. Called 'homework planning time,' third graders use this time to plan their evening as they chat quietly and move around the room as the teachers guide the ‘packing up’ process as carefully as any other lesson during their busy day. 


Third grade is all about the big time: upper elementary school and as such, an opportunity to  learn organization and planning skills. Teachers shepherd students through their day and their week with the use of homework planners and folders so students develop the organizational skills that will carry them through their academic careers. Writing across the curriculum is a major focus; organizing their writing helps them think critically and craft their ideas as well. Reading and writing, as well as auditory comprehension, is integrated into the content of their Core Knowledge units; Alice in Wonderland is always a favorite. This is the year that the five paragraph essay and the research process is introduced.  


There are math levels, but they are fluid as students demonstrate strengths in one area and weaknesses in others. Areas of concentration include addition and subtraction, multiplication, division, geometry, graphs, time and measurement, fractions and of course, critical thinking word problems. 


The Human Body is central to this year’s study in science. 


All of the Core Knowledge subject area content for third grade is outlined below: 


Language Arts

I. Reading and Writing

A. Reading Comprehension and Response

B. Spelling, Grammar, and Usage

C. Vocabulary: Prefixes, Suffixes and Homophones

II. Poetry

A. American (Ogden Nash, Langston Hughes, 
Nikki Giovanni, Shel Silverstein)

B. British (Lewis Carroll)

III. Fiction

A. Stories (including Alice in Wonderland)

B. Myths and Mythical Characters (Norse Mythology, 
More Greek and Roman Myths)

C. Literary Terms

IV. Sayings and Phrases 


World History/Geography

I. World Geography

A. Geographical Terms and Features (boundary, channel, delta, isthmus, plateau, reservoir, strait)

B. Canada

C. Important Rivers of the World

II. Ancient Rome

A. Geography of the Mediterranean Region

B. The Empire

C. The “Decline and Fall” of Rome

D. The Eastern Roman Empire: Byzantine Civilization

III. The Vikings 


American History/Geography

I. The Earliest Americans

A. Crossing the Land Bridge

B. Native Americans

1. Southwest tribes

2. Eastern Woodland Indians

II. Early Exploration of North America

A. Early Spanish Exploration and Settlement

1. Florida

2. Geography: Caribbean, W. Indies, 
Puerto Rico, Cuba, Gulf of Mexico and Mississippi River

B. The American Southwest

C. Search for the Northwest Passage

III. The 13 Colonies: Before the Revolution

A. Southern Colonies

B. New England Colonies

C. Middle Atlantic Colonies 


Visual Arts  (for a complete listing, click HERE)


Music  (for a complete listing, click HERE)



I. Numbers (to 10,000); Number Sense: Mental Math & Estimation

II. Fractions & Decimals

III. Money

IV. Computation

A. Addition – timed mastery, three digit, etc.

B. Subtraction

C. Multiplication

D. Division

E. Solving Problems & Equations

V. Measurement

VI. Geometry



I. Introduction to Classification of Animals

II. The Human Body

A. The Muscular System

B. The Skeletal System

C. The Nervous System

D. Vision: How the Eye Works

E. Hearing: How the Ear Works

III. Light & Optics

IV. Sound

V. Ecology

VI. Astronomy

VII. Science Biographies: Bell; Copernicus; Jemison; Muir

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