Grade Five

By 5th grade, students are urged to concern themselves with metacognitive issues: not just what they are learning, but how they go about learning now and in the future as they get ready to begin to prepare for their futures as middle and high school students. They explore their own learning styles, asking how they learn best and how they organize their materials and their assignment notations to optimize their efforts. They emphasize time management and independence, taking responsibility for their own learning. Skill sets include note-taking, outlining and studying for tests and quizzes. This involves a great deal of self-reflection as well as cooperative learning, so they work together to help one another grow in skill acquisition as well as discovery. They work a great deal on their writing, workshopping, and editing their work. 


Critical and independent thinking is central to all their efforts. They read and write in all genres and they publish their own work, holding a publishing party to celebrate their output. 


The following is an outline of the Core Knowledge curriculum for fifth grade: 


Language Arts/English
I. Writing, Grammar and Usage 

A. Writing and Research
B. Grammar and Usage
C. Vocabulary (Latin prefixes and suffixes) Wordly Wise, Context Clues

D. Persuasive Essays

E. Poetry

F. Content Writing

II. Poetry & Poetic Devices

A. British: Tennyson, Blake, Lewis Carroll.
B. American: 19th Century: Emily Dickinson, Walt Whitman, Emerson, Whittier, Longfellow
C. American: 20th Century: Robert Frost, Langston Hughes, Countee Cullen, Jack Pretlusky, Judith Viorst

III. Fiction and Drama

A. Novels (The Adventures of Tom Sawyer, Don Quixote, Little Women, The Secret Garden, Sherlock Holmes) The Wanderer by Sharon Creech
B. Myths, Legends, and Stories
C. Drama (A Midsummer Night’s Dream)
D. Literary Terms

IV. Speeches: Gettysburg Address; Chief Joseph, “I will fight no more forever.”

V. Sayings and Phrases


 Teacher April Moss writes:

“I challenged kids to learn to use the app WeVideo with the grammar lesson.
Boris won the badge.”


World History/Geography

I. Meso-American Civilizations 

A. Geography
B. Maya, Inca and Aztec Civilizations
C. Spanish Conquerors 

II. European Exploration, Trade, Colonization and the Clash of Cultures 

A. Portugal
B. Spain
C. England and France
D. Holland
E. Trade and Slavery 

III. The Renaissance and the Reformation 


American History/Geography
I. Westward Expansion : Pre- and Post-Civil War 

A. Pioneers
B. Indian resistance
C. “Manifest Destiny”
D. The Mexican War
E. 1862 Homestead Act
F. Transcontinental Railroad
G. 1890: The closing of the American Frontier 

II. The Civil War: Causes, Conflicts, Consequences 

A. Toward the Civil War
B. The Civil War
C. Reconstruction 

III. Native Americans: Cultures and Conflicts 

A. Culture and life
B. American Government Policies
C. Conflicts 

IV. US Geography

Visual Arts  (for a complete listing, click HERE)


Music  (for a complete listing, click HERE)


I. Numbers & Number Sense
II. Ratios & Percent
III. Fractions & Decimals

A. Fractions: LCD
B. Decimals: estimate by rounding

IV. Computation

A. Addition: commutative & associative properties
B. Multiplication: by 2 factors
C. Division
D. Solving Problems & Equations

V. Measurement
VI. Geometry
VII. Probability & Statistics
VIII. Pre-Algebra


I. Classifying Living Things
II. Cells: Structures & Processes
III. Plant Structures & Processes 

A. Structure: Non-Vascular & Vascular Plants
B. Photosynthesis
C. Reproduction 

IV. Life Cycles & Reproduction
V. The Human Body 

A. Changes in Human Adolescence
B. The Endocrine System
C. The Reproductive System 

VI. Chemistry: Matter & Change 

A. Atoms, Molecules, & Compounds
B. Elements
C. Chemical & Physical Change 

VII. Science Biographies: Galileo; Percy Lavon Julian; Just; Linnaeus

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